William Caslon III – born 1754, died 1833 – type founder. William Caslon IV Son of William Caslon III, great-grandson of William Caslon I. William Caslon Mid-eighteenth century British punchcutter and typefounder, who solidly established British typefounding with well-crafted copies of earlier Dutch designs. [8] Henry died in 1788, and in 1792 William III sold his share of the business to his mother and his sister-in-law, Elizabeth née Rowe, Henry's widow: the two Elizabeth Caslons continued to run it until the elder Elizabeth's death in 1795. William Caslon III: In 1819 he sold the business to the new Sheffield foundry of Blake, Garnett&Co (later Stephenson Blake), which had started in 1818. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, United States Declaration of Independence, "Caslon, William, the elder (1692–1766), typefounder", "Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth (1730–1795), typefounder", H. W. Caslon & Company font foundry : MyFonts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Caslon&oldid=974916072, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 19:53. The Caslon Family tomb at St Luke’s Old St. William Caslon IV Each letter had to be cut by hand at first and some of these punches are preserved at St Bride Printing Library – breathtakingly intricate pieces of metalwork upon a microscopic scale. William Caslon IV: William Caslon IV – born 1780, died 1869 – type founder. In 1819 he sold the business for £2,100 to the new Sheffield foundry of Blake, Garnett & Co. (later Stephenson Blake), which had started only in July 1818. The other half of that business was purchased by John James, son of Thomas James. H. W. Caslon died in 1873, when the Foundry was acquired by T. W. Smith and partners. 1766: After the death of his father, Caslon junior runs the family business until 1778. [8], Following the death of William Caslon I in 1766, his son William Caslon II took over the Caslon Foundry, running it with the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth née Cartlich, until his own death in 1778. As a result of a legal dispute over the terms of her will, the Foundry was then thrown into Chancery and put up for auction in 1799. For other uses or meanings of Caslon, see, William Caslon I in an engraved portrait by John Faber the Younger. A later and important purchase was the foundry of Thomas Grover in 1758. John James in the period 1716–1764 also built up by purchase what became the leading English type foundry of the 18th and early 19th centuries. The first appearance of the sans serif in type was William Caslon IV’s Two-Lines English Egyptian, shown in a specimen c.1816. TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on William Caslon I – born 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire, England, died 1766 in Bethnal Green, England – engraver, type founder, type designer. wow. MyFonts search A later and important purchase was the foundry of Thomas Grover in 1758. Moving in 1727 to larger premises in Ironmongers’ Row, by 1730 Caslon had eclipsed his competitors, securing the exclusive contract to supply type to the King’s printers. Caslon retired in 1750 to a house in the Hackney Rd opposite the Nag’s Head (where Hackney City Farm is today), and soon after he moved into his country house in Bethnal Green, where he died in 1766.