If you had arrived on time we would have been able to leave already. Si clauses can be classified into three types that we are going to analyze in further detail. There are three types of 'si clauses' in Spanish where certain tenses should be used to express an 'if' situation. Si hubiera estudiado más, habría sacado notas mejores. For example, later that evening, Amy realized that she had to study for a Math test, but she had forgotten her notes at her friend's place. Si viajara dieciocho días, cuatro horas y cuarenta y tres minutos hacia el futuro, estaría en un avión con destino a España. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. - False & True Examples, Irregular Commands in Spanish: Formal & Tu, Irregular Comparatives & Superlatives in Spanish, Passive Voice in Spanish: Examples & Practice, Car Gar Zar Commands in Spanish: Usted & Tu, Car Gar Zar Verbs in Spanish: Present & Preterite, Irregular Comparative Adjectives in Spanish, Negative & Indefinite Pronouns in Spanish, Discussing International Politics in Spanish, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Correctly conjugating different verbs for 'si' phrases, What we use to represent fundamental or universal truths, The different combinations of tenses used with 'si' clauses, Examples of the three types of 'si' clauses. The si part always has a verb in the present tense, and the result allows three constructions: the present, the future, or the imperative. Si tuviera dinero, (comprar) una computadora nueva. There are three types of 'si clauses' in Spanish where certain tenses should be used to express an 'if' situation. Si tú no estás cansado, me cuenta un cuento. All of these events are likely to occur, but what if Amy and her sister were so busy that they couldn't spend their evening cooking together? Document Translation & Localization Services Él estará contento si se casa. If clauses may express conditions that are probable, slightly probable or … When she remembered them, they had already burned! Si hubiera ahorrado más dinero, la señora (ir) de vacaciones a Europa. (first conditional), 5. 4. votes. As far as I know, this is the grammatically correct way of expressing these things, if in everyday conversations people tend to do something different, please message me. Finally, type 3 is used when we want to express regrets or situations that could not take place in the past because a certain condition could not be met. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Si hubieras sacado la basura ayer, no (oler) tanto hoy. Muchas gracias :). Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Create your account to access this entire worksheet, A Premium account gives you access to all lesson, practice exams, quizzes & worksheets. If she was eating a little it’s because she wanted to lose weight. Si ella (saber) lo que me dijo su hermano, se enojaría. Select a subject to preview related courses: For the si part, we use the past perfect subjunctive, which uses the verb haber (to have) in imperfect subjunctive plus a past participle. These possibilities, by definition, may or may notbecome realities. Spanish Immersion for Adults in Costa Rica & Ecuador Si hubiera vivido en la cuidad, él (ir) a los museos. You can test out of the I will go to the market if you do the dishes. (first conditional), 10. Learn Spanish for Free In this lesson we will analyze all the possible types of si (if) clauses in Spanish. Si clauses are divided into two parts. (first conditional). credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Then, she says: Si tuviera tiempo, te ayudaría ('If I had the time, I would help you'). Si clauses are used to express a condition that needs to be met so that a result happens; in other words, if X happens, then Y happens. The result part uses the conditional tense to indicate what could or would happen. All rights reserved. Fill in the correct conjugation of the verb given. Test yourself on Spanish si clauses by translating the following sentences. Learn English Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. 2. : Si Clauses … Spanish for Educators Amy asks Lisa for help, but she is very busy with her new project at work. courses that prepare you to earn Ellos (ser) más violentos si no fuera por sus papás. Bailaría contigo si no me (doler) la espalda. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Fundraising and Student Travel Scholarships ¿Y para cuanto tiempo te quedarás en España? The second type of conditional expresses situations which are unreal or improbable at the moment. Visit it and if you like it don't forget to click "I like". Si te despertaras temprano, tú (poder) haver muchas cosas. : Si Clauses … Log in here for access. Simple & Basic Spanish Sentences: Preterite & Imperfect, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What are Cognates in Spanish? The result of the situation, cooking, will depend on the condition, that is, finishing her homework soon. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community.